Book

Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy

Susanne Bobzien

Published in print November 2001 | ISBN: 9780199247677
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191597091 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199247676.001.0001
Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy

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This book is a comprehensive study of the Stoic theory of causal and teleological determinism. It identifies the main problems the Stoics addressed, reconstructs the theory, and explores how they squared their determinism with their conceptions of possibility, action, freedom, and moral responsibility, and how they defended it against objections and criticism by other philosophers. It shows how the Stoics distinguished their causal determinism from ancient theories of logical determinism, fatalism, and necessitarianism, and shows that they developed a compatibilist theory with a rationalist component. Along the way many other related aspects of Stoic thought are discussed, including their views on the predictability of the future, the role of empirical sciences, character development, and moral freedom. The main Stoic theory of causal determinism goes back to the Stoic Chrysippus. There are some interesting developments of the theory in the later Stoa.

Keywords: causal determinism; character; Chrysippus; compatibilism; determinism; fatalism; freedom; history of philosophy; moral responsibility; Stoicism; teleological determinism; logical determinism

Book.  454 pages.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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Table of Contents

Introduction in Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy

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Determinism and Fate in Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy

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Two Chrysippean Arguments for Causal Determinism in Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy

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Modality, Determinism, and Freedom in Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy

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Divination, Modality, and Universal Regularity in Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy

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Fate, Action, and Motivation: The Idle Argument in Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy

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Determinism and Moral Responsibility: Chrysippus' Compatibilism in Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy

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Freedom and That Which Depends on Us: Epictetus and Early Stoics in Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy

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A Later Stoic Theory of Compatibilism in Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy

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