Evaluating Movement Effectiveness and Strategy

John S. Dryzek, David Downes, Christian Hunold, David Schlosberg and Hans‐Kristian Hernes

in Green States and Social Movements

Published in print February 2003 | ISBN: 9780199249022
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191599095 | DOI:
 Evaluating Movement Effectiveness and Strategy

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Evaluates and compares movement strategy and success in influencing public policy within the state when environmentalists act in conventional interest group or in political party fashion. But movements can also influence public policy when they confront the state from civil society. In addition, movements in civil society can take effect more directly by changing the terms of political discourse and political culture, and engaging paragovernmental activity that bypasses the state. In light of these possibilities, guidelines are developed for movements contemplating whether to act within the state, in oppositional civil society, or in both. We show when and how the popular ‘dual strategy’ for movement action can work—and when it cannot.

Keywords: civil society; environmentalism; interest group; political discourse; political party; public policy; dual strategy

Chapter.  14770 words. 

Subjects: Environment

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