EU Democracy Promotion Instruments: Evolution and Shortcomings

Richard Youngs

in The European Union and the Promotion of Democracy

Published in print January 2002 | ISBN: 9780199249794
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600357 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Studies in Democratization

 EU Democracy Promotion Instruments: Evolution and Shortcomings

Show Summary Details


This chapter outlines the nature of the instruments introduced by the EU pursuant to the democracy promotion commitment and examines the shortcomings and lacuna that remained in the range of policy tools available. The chapter describes the EU's new democracy aid provisions, its instruments of political conditionality, and the democracy‐related initiatives of the EU's Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). Different theories of integration are explored in relation to the development of the EU's presence as an international actor.

Keywords: Common Foreign and Security Policy; democracy aid; democracy promotion; European Union; integration; policy tools; political conditionality

Chapter.  7375 words. 

Subjects: Politics

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.