Contentious Politics in Western Europe and the United States

Sidney Tarrow

in Governing Europe

Published in print March 2003 | ISBN: 9780199250158
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191599439 | DOI:
 Contentious Politics in Western Europe and the United States

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The first part of this chapter examines the four main types of political contention outlined in the introduction to it: expressive contention, reformist contention, integral contention and communal contention. The second section looks at how contentious political movements change; the four types frequently intersect, combine and transmute from one form to another. The types of change considered here are institutionalization, radicalization of once–moderate movements, the creation of hybrid forms of organization and strategy, and the privatization of movement activists. The third section of the chapter turns to how states interact with movements and considers the hypothesis that Western Europe and the United States are, in some ways, becoming movement societies. The chapter closes on a speculative note: how are European social movements – which arose in relation to the national state – being affected by the forces of ‘globalization’ and European integration in today’s world?

Keywords: communal contention; contentious political movements; European integration; European social movements; expressive contention; globalization; hybrid forms; institutionalization; integral contention; movement societies; political contention; political movements; privatization; radicalization; reformist contention; social movements; United States; Western Europe

Chapter.  9141 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: European Union

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