The Last Decade's Refugee Story

Arthur C. Helton

in The Price of Indifference

Published in print March 2002 | ISBN: 9780199250318
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191599477 | DOI:
 The Last Decade's Refugee Story

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In the 1990s, new conflicts broke out, particularly in connection with the dissolution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, as well as several places in Africa. Initiatives were invented and re‐invented, and policy responses reverted to a largely reactive mode.

Ethnic and internal conflicts, which produced displacement emerged as key features of the decade, and sorely tested the capacity of the international community to respond to crises of forced displacement. The so‐called ‘CNN effect”’ led to engagement as well as disengagement (Somalia) and the term ‘nation building’ came into vogue and then later became an epithet. At the outset of the twenty‐first century, refugee policy is driven by selective apathy and creeping trepidation.

Keywords: Africa; CNN effect; ethnic conflict; forced displacement; internal conflict; nation‐building; refugee policy; Somalia; USSR; Yugoslavia

Chapter.  4913 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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