The Manchester Context c.1810–60

Ian J. Shaw

in High Calvinists in Action

Published in print February 2003 | ISBN: 9780199250776
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600739 | DOI:
 The Manchester Context c.1810–60

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Manchester was the ‘shock city’ of the early nineteenth century, experiencing rapid industrial and urban growth. Living conditions for many were characterized by poor housing and poverty. National and local issues in politics were vigorously and robustly debated. Standards of education were low, and Sunday schools were the only educational opportunity for large numbers of working class children. Levels of church attendance were an area of concern to local religious leaders, who defended their sectarian interests strongly.

Keywords: church attendance; education; housing; Manchester; politics; poverty; Sunday schools

Chapter.  6832 words. 

Subjects: Christianity

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