Order and Justice Beyond the Nation‐State: Europe's Competing Paradigms

Kalypso Nicolaidis and Justine Lacroix

in Order and Justice in International Relations

Published in print February 2003 | ISBN: 9780199251209
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191599293 | DOI:
 Order and Justice Beyond the Nation‐State: Europe's Competing Paradigms

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The authors focus on the European Union both as a regional organization with distinctive norms and practices, and as a grouping of states that reflect specific individual traditions and views. The chapter describes two core paradigms: the national and the post‐national. The national paradigm is recognizably realist and state‐centric in approach. It suggests that the focus of external behaviour should be the promotion of order via traditional power‐political means and for traditional state‐based normative ends. The post‐national paradigm, however, reflects a more cosmopolitan understanding of global society in which Europe's institutional and substantive understanding of justice questions can be reflected in its policies beyond EU borders. These propositions are tested in three issue areas. The authors conclude that while the EU may have the capacity to shape an order/justice agenda beyond its borders, its members have not yet agreed what that agenda should be.

Keywords: cosmopolitanism; Europe; European Union; global society; international justice; international order; national paradigm; post‐national paradigm; regional organizations; state‐centrism

Chapter.  14378 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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