Chapter

TESTIMONY IN COMMUNITARIAN EPISTEMOLOGY

Martin Kusch

in Knowledge by Agreement

Published in print June 2002 | ISBN: 9780199251223
Published online January 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191601767 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199251223.003.0006
TESTIMONY IN COMMUNITARIAN EPISTEMOLOGY

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Begins with a critical discussion of two earlier projects for a communitarian epistemology of testimony: work by Michael Welbourne and John Hardwig. Although the main elements of their proposals are accepted, some shortcomings are pointed out. Then, develops a new version of such communitarian epistemology of testimony. Claims that the giving and receiving of testimony must be understood as a social‐communal process. The proposal relies heavily on the idea of social institutions as communal impositions of statuses. It is argued that almost all testimony is generative of social statuses and that such statuses are involved in all forms of knowledge.

Keywords: communitarian epistemology; community of knowledge; ethics; folk epistemology; individualism; performatives; scientific practice; social institutions; status

Chapter.  11487 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Metaphysics

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