Chapter

CONSENSUALISM AND INTERPRETATIONALISM

Martin Kusch

in Knowledge by Agreement

Published in print June 2002 | ISBN: 9780199251223
Published online January 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191601767 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199251223.003.0011
CONSENSUALISM AND INTERPRETATIONALISM

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Under the title ‘consensualism’ (and ‘dualism’) the chapter discusses ideas by Keith Lehrer, in particular his proposal (developed with Carl Wagner) on how disagreeing individuals can, and should, form a rational consensus. It is argued that Lehrer has too narrow a view of consensus: consensus is a coincidence of individual commitments, not the joint view of a group. Under the title ‘interpretationalism’ (and ‘duettism’) the chapter focuses on Donald Davidson's epistemology, in particular, on his view that knowledge of the world, knowledge of other minds, and knowledge of one's own mind, are necessarily intertwined. It is objected that Davidson's focus on two interacting individuals is insufficient for generating normativity; normativity presupposes a larger community.

Keywords: coherentism; consensualism; consensus; dualism; duettism; interpretation; interpretationalism; knowledge of other minds; triangulation

Chapter.  6859 words. 

Subjects: Metaphysics

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