Parts of the Soul and Non‐Rational Motivations

Christopher Bobonich

in Plato's Utopia Recast

Published in print July 2002 | ISBN: 9780199251438
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191597084 | DOI:
 Parts of the Soul and Non‐Rational Motivations

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Argues that the Phaedrus, the Theaetetus, and the Timaeus develop Plato's rationale for the abandonment of the Republic's psychological theory. In these dialogues, Plato comes to deny to the lower parts of the soul the sort of epistemic independence that they had in the Republic. The perceptual resources they drew upon in the Republic are no longer sufficient to allow them to be goal‐setting agents or the possessors of beliefs and desires. This chapter then examines the implications of Plato's later psychology for the place of the emotions and pleasure in the virtuous life.

Keywords: emotions; epistemic capacities; non‐rational motivation; Phaedrus; pleasure; Theaetetus; Timaeus

Chapter.  34160 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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