The Basque Country

Iñaki Barcena, Pedro Ibarra, Eunate Guarrotxena and Jon Torre

in Environmental Protest in Western Europe

Published in print December 2003 | ISBN: 9780199252060
Published online April 2004 | e-ISBN: 9780191601064 | DOI:

Series: Comparative Politics

 The Basque Country

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Environmental protest in the Basque Country has been distinguished by its intensity and its frequency as well as by its association with the cause of Basque nationalism. To analyse the transformation of environmental protest in the Basque Country during a decade (198897), in the course of which environmental concerns became increasingly autonomous of the national question and instead became more embedded in the struggles of local communities to preserve their quality of life, we examined reports of environmental protest published in the newspaper EGIN.

The majority of ecological organizations, while they appear to have distanced themselves from the protest‐oriented and anti‐institutional scenario and discursive frame of radical Basque nationalism, have not embarked on a determined process of institutionalization. Instead, they seem to have

found a new ecological space, ’eco‐localism’, from which to continue their work. In this respect, it would seem that the movement is following the famous slogan ’Think globally, act locally.’

Keywords: environmentalism; institutionalization; localism; mass media; nationalism; protest; social movements

Chapter.  6413 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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