Chapter

Defining Jainism

Torkel Brekke

in Makers of Modern Indian Religion in the Late Nineteenth Century

Published in print December 2002 | ISBN: 9780199252367
Published online January 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191602047 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/019925236X.003.0006

Series: Oxford Oriental Monographs

 Defining Jainism

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Jainism in India began as a religious movement for individuals wishing to renounce society and strive towards release from the cycle of rebirth. Jain identity was a matter of membership in the community of religious renouncers who were followers of Mahavira. The sense of Jains as a unified community separate from the Hindus and Muslims first emerged in the 19th century, when organisations for the propagation of Jainism were established. One of the most important figures in Jainism was Vijaya Dharma Suri, who worked towards its revitalisation.

Keywords: Jainism; religion; India; Vijaya Dharma Suri

Chapter.  9789 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies

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