History, Archaeology, and the Politics of Religion

Torkel Brekke

in Makers of Modern Indian Religion in the Late Nineteenth Century

Published in print December 2002 | ISBN: 9780199252367
Published online January 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191602047 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Oriental Monographs

 History, Archaeology, and the Politics of Religion

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The transformation in the religious identity of Svetambara Jains in the 19th century led to increasing demands for reform. Reforms meant abolishing boundaries that divided Jains into Svetambaras and Digambaras, and establishing Jainism as an Indian religion that preserved the valuable aspects of ancient Indian culture. Jain leaders became involved in historical and archaeological debates on the position of Jainism in India, and often allied with Western Jain researchers whose findings agreed with their own viewpoints.

Keywords: India; religion; Jainism

Chapter.  4902 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies

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