Chapter

The structure of labour market entry in Europe: a typological analysis

Markus Gangl

in Transitions from Education to Work in Europe

Published in print November 2003 | ISBN: 9780199252473
Published online January 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191601958 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199252475.003.0004
 The structure of labour market entry in Europe: a typological analysis

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Scrutinizes the notion that patterns of school-to-work transitions in Europe can be characterized by a dichotomy between an occupational labour market (OLM) model, where entry jobs are closely linked to young people’s specialized vocational training, and an internal labour market (ILM) model that results from a more significant role of labour market experience and seniority in matching processes. Empirically, the country clustering conforms to the OLM–ILM dichotomy insofar as entry patterns in Continental Europe with extensive vocational training systems differ from those of Northern European countries lacking such systems. Southern European countries differ systematically from both patterns, however, and indicate that transition patterns are not determined by the structure of training systems alone but result from the interaction of educational systems and labour market institutions.

Keywords: educational system; labour market entry; labour market regulation; labour market structure; occupations; school-to-work transitions; youth unemployment

Chapter.  8770 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Politics

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