Chapter

Ontological Categories and Categorial Schemes

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology

Published in print December 2005 | ISBN: 9780199254392
Published online May 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603600 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199254397.003.0001
 Ontological Categories and Categorial Schemes

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A realist approach to metaphysics and ontology is defended in the face of some antirealist tendencies in contemporary philosophical thought. The general notion of an ontological category is explained and justified. Different systems of ontological categories are compared and contrasted with the four-category ontology: a one-category ontology of modes or tropes, a two-category ontology of particulars and universals, and a two-category ontology of substantial particulars and modes. The ontological status of states of affairs and natural laws, and the ontological implications of the truthmaker principle as advocated by D. M. Armstrong are discussed.

Keywords: D. M. Armstrong; metaphysical realism; natural laws; ontological categories; states of affairs; tropes; truthmakers; universals

Chapter.  8478 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Metaphysics

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