Chapter

The Concept of an Object in Formal Ontology

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology

Published in print December 2005 | ISBN: 9780199254392
Published online May 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603600 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199254397.003.0005
 The Concept of an Object in Formal Ontology

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The formal ontological concept of an object is explicated and contrasted with that of a property. F. P. Ramsey’s objections to this distinction are challenged. The sense in which objects possess an individuality not exhibited by entities of certain other types is discussed. The object/property distinction is distinguished from that between universals and particulars. The ontological status of events and processes, and that of abstract entities such as numbers, are examined. Gottlob Frege’s treatment of number and his object/concept distinction are criticized, and an alternative account of the ontological status of concepts is advanced.

Keywords: concepts; events; Gottlob Frege; individuality; numbers; objects; properties; F. P. Ramsey; universals

Chapter.  8815 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Metaphysics

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