Chapter

Grace and the Logos' Double Birth in the Early Church

Donald Fairbairn

in Grace and Christology in the Early Church

Published in print March 2003 | ISBN: 9780199256143
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600586 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199256144.003.0007

Series: Oxford Early Christian Studies

Grace and the Logos' Double Birth in the Early Church

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In the light of the book's treatment of grace and christology, this chapter argues that the central issue in patristic christology was not whether Christ was one person or two or whether one spoke of one nature or two, but whether God the Son was personally present on earth through the incarnation. The chapter asserts that the key phrase expressing this issue was the ‘double birth’ of the Logos. Those who insisted that God the Son must be and was personally present insisted that the Logos was born twice (of the Father eternally and of Mary in time). This chapter looks briefly at John Chrysostom, John of Antioch, Celestine, Leo, and the Chalcedonian Definition and concludes that belief in the double birth of the Logos was the faith of the entire Church in the fifth century, with only a small handful of dissenters.

Keywords: Alexandrian School; Antiochene School; Chalcedon; John Chrysostom; double birth (of the Logos); John of Antioch; Pope Celestine; Pope Leo

Chapter.  10417 words. 

Subjects: Early Christianity

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