Chapter

Metaphysics, Science, and Self‐Control

Christopher Hookway

in Truth, Rationality, and Pragmatism

Published in print December 2002 | ISBN: 9780199256587
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191597718 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199256586.003.0008
Metaphysics, Science, and Self‐Control

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Explores the role of metaphysics in Peirce's philosophy and discusses some themes in Karl Otto Apel's interpretation of his thought. Apel claims that Peirce's is a sort of transcendental philosophy, that he defended ‘transcendental semiotic’. The chapter challenges Apel's claim, arguing that Peirce rejected transcendental arguments, claiming that at best they establish that we are justified in hoping that their conclusions are true. It is argued that the role of Peirce's metaphysics in his philosophy is to provide a general scientific account of what the world must be like for the regulative ideas or hopes adopted in logic to be absolutely true. It concludes with a discussion of how metaphysical ideas provide guidance in constructing hypotheses in science.

Keywords: Karl Apel; hope; metaphysics; Peirce; regulative ideas; transcendental philosophy

Chapter.  6585 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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