Chapter

Biology, Classification, and Essence

David Charles

in Aristotle on Meaning and Essence

Published in print October 2002 | ISBN: 9780199256730
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191597183 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/019925673X.003.0013

Series: Oxford Aristotle Studies

 Biology, Classification, and Essence

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Aristotle, in the Historia Animalium, follows (and modifies) the explanation‐involving approach to classification that he developed in the pattern of the Posterior Analytics. Thus, he draws in his theory of animal classification on his explanatory account of soul functions developed in De Anima. However, his project encounters a severe problem: he failed to uncover in his study of biological phenomena the unified, causally basic essences that his theory of definition required. I consider whether Aristotle can resolve this crisis while remaining true to the basic features of his Analytics paradigm.

Keywords: Aristotle; biological classification; classification; common nature; De Partibus Animalium; definition; division; explanation; Historia Animalium; species

Chapter.  18056 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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