Chapter

Communitarianism

Ian Malcolm David Little

in Ethics, Economics, and Politics

Published in print October 2002 | ISBN: 9780199257041
Published online August 2004 | e-ISBN: 9780191601293 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199257043.003.0008
 Communitarianism

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Communitarians claim that individuals do not exist apart from society, and that communities have a moral value that is independent of individuals. It is held that philosophers such as Rawls and Nozick who neglect persons’ deserts and their history and attachments cannot understand justice. While agreeing that persons are almost unimaginable except in a social context, and that membership of a community is an important good for many people, nevertheless, it is held that they are autonomous beings. A person may disagree with the moral code of any society, including his own. However, a shared understanding of community values has historically often been a source of evil.

Keywords: autonomy; community; justice; moral code; society

Chapter.  1012 words. 

Subjects: Public Economics

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