Chapter

Legitimate Diversity: The New Challenge of European Integration

Fritz W. Sccharpf

in The State of the European Union, 6

Published in print September 2003 | ISBN: 9780199257409
Published online April 2004 | e-ISBN: 9780191600951 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/019925740X.003.0004
 Legitimate Diversity: The New Challenge of European Integration

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Illustrates why the present institutional framework of the EU is no longer able to face new policy challenges. Provides an overview of general modes of EU policy‐making and then addresses concrete new policy challenges faced by the EU (common foreign and security policy, eastern enlargement, and monetary union) with regards to the strengths and limitations of these policy‐making procedures. Scharpf presents an argument for limitations in recent EU reform debates, from the White Paper on Governance to the European Convention, and argues for new modes of European governance that will allow effective ‘Europeanized’ responses to new policy challenges accommodating ‘legitimate diversity’ at the national level. Begins with a brief overview of the principal ‘modes’ of EU policy‐making—defined by participation rights and decision rules—for which the labels of ‘intergovernmental negotiations’, ‘joint decision making’, and ‘supranational centralization’ are used, and then the new policy challenges with regard to the strengths and limitations of these present modes of policy making are discussed. The seven sections of the chapter are: The Challenge of Present Constitutional Debates; The Plurality of European Governing Modes; New Policy Challenges; The European Dilemma: Consensus Plus Uniformity; Two Non‐Solutions: Subsidiarity and Majority Rule; European Action in the Face of Legitimate Diversity; and Conclusions.

Keywords: decision making; eastern enlargement; EU policy‐making; EU reform; European constitution; European governance; European integration; EU; foreign policy; Governance; intergovernmental negotiations; legitimate diversity; Majority Rule; monetary union; policy challenges; policy making; security policy; Subsidiarity; supranational centralization; White Paper on Governance to the European Convention

Chapter.  11048 words. 

Subjects: Politics

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