Book

The Resurrection of God Incarnate

Richard Swinburne

Published in print January 2003 | ISBN: 9780199257461
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191598616 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199257469.001.0001
The Resurrection of God Incarnate

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The Resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth from the dead involved a violation of natural laws, and so could have happened only if natural laws depend for their operation on God, who set them aside on this occasion. The main reason he would have for setting them aside would be any reason he had himself to become incarnate; the Resurrection would then be the divine signature on his work, showing that he had become incarnate. So any evidence from natural theology that there is a God with a certain nature, and any reason to suppose that having that nature would lead a God to become incarnate, is evidence (background evidence) that some sort of super‐miracle like the Resurrection would occur. Any evidence against the existence of God or against him being such as to become incarnate would be evidence against the Resurrection. I argue that God does have reason to become incarnate—to provide atonement, to identify with human suffering, and to reveal truth. Our evidence about the life of Jesus (the prior historical evidence) is such that it is not too improbable that we would find it if God was incarnate in Jesus for these reasons. Our evidence about what happened after the death of Jesus (the posterior historical evidence) is such that it is not too improbable that we would find it if Jesus had risen from the dead. For no other prophet in human history, is there anything like this combination of prior and posterior historical evidence. Given a moderate amount of positive background evidence, it then becomes very probable that Jesus was God Incarnate who rose from the dead.

Keywords: atonement; Jesus Christ; Christianity; human suffering; incarnation; philosophy; philosophy of religion; religion; Resurrection; Richard Swinburne; theology

Book.  232 pages. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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Table of Contents

Introduction in The Resurrection of God Incarnate

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God's Reasons for Incarnation in The Resurrection of God Incarnate

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The Marks of an Incarnate God in The Resurrection of God Incarnate

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The Historical Sources in The Resurrection of God Incarnate

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Jesus Implied His Divinity in The Resurrection of God Incarnate

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Jesus Taught His Atonement in The Resurrection of God Incarnate

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Jesus Founded a Church in The Resurrection of God Incarnate

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