Chapter

Jesus Founded a Church

Richard Swinburne

in The Resurrection of God Incarnate

Published in print January 2003 | ISBN: 9780199257461
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191598616 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199257469.003.0009
 Jesus Founded a Church

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Jesus forming a community based on 12 leaders could only be regarded in first‐century Palestine as founding a new Israel, a church. His instituting the Eucharist at the Last Supper implied that he expected that church would continue after his death. While he may have hoped that it would absorb the old Israel and that the latter would convert the Gentiles, however, the result was to be achieved, Jesus intended his church for all peoples. He did not teach explicitly that the Parousia (his second coming) would occur in his lifetime, but he did warn his disciples to be ready for its coming. The later church, in teaching the three central Christian doctrines of the Trinity, the Incarnation, and the Atonement, developed the teaching of Jesus.

Keywords: atonement; Christianity; church; Gentiles; Incarnation; Israel; Jesus; Last Supper; Palestine; Parousia; second coming; Trinity

Chapter.  6536 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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