Chapter

Pyramidal Groups and the Separation Between Ownership and Control in Italy

Marcello Bianchi, Magda Bianco and Luca Enriques

in The Control of Corporate Europe

Published in print October 2002 | ISBN: 9780199257539
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191595905 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199257531.003.0006
 Pyramidal Groups and the Separation Between Ownership and Control in Italy

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The Italian corporate governance system features a high concentration of direct ownership, for both listed and unlisted companies. The analysis of direct ownership and of the identity of owners reveals that a major role is played by families, coalitions, the State, and above all by other companies. The largest stake in listed and unlisted companies is held by other non‐financial or holding companies. The amount held by financial institutions is limited. More than 50% of all Italian industrial companies belong to pyramidal groups. The main reason for this structure, especially among listed companies, is the possibility of controlling vast resources with a limited amount of capital.

Keywords: control; corporate governance; Italy; ownership; pyramidal groups

Chapter.  12138 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Financial Markets

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