Chapter

Introduction to Electoral Systems

Michael Gallagher and Paul Mitchell

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print September 2005 | ISBN: 9780199257560
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603280 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199257566.003.0001
 Introduction to Electoral Systems

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This chapter establishes the importance of the electoral system as the central political institution in representative democracy. It discusses the dimensions of electoral systems, such as district magnitude, ballot structure, the extent of voter choice for individual candidates, levels of seat allocation, thresholds, and malapportionment. It identifies the most important questions to ask about the origins and effects of electoral systems.

Keywords: representative democracy; district magnitude; thresholds; electoral systems; political institutions

Chapter.  9848 words. 

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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