Chapter

Japan: Haltingly Towards a Two‐Party System

Steven R. Reed

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print September 2005 | ISBN: 9780199257560
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603280 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199257566.003.0013
Japan: Haltingly Towards a Two‐Party System

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Japan embarked upon fundamental electoral reform in the 1990s. The single non-transferable vote was replaced by a mixed parallel system, which has resulted in an increase in disproportionality. The party system has changed, though not necessarily due to electoral system change. The dominance of the Liberal Democratic Party – something that some reformers hoped electoral reform might threaten – has continued despite some signs of movement towards a genuine two-party system. Factions within the Liberal Democratic Party are less significant than in the past, though again this cannot be attributed entirely to the change in electoral system.

Keywords: Japanese politics; single non-transferable vote; electoral reform; party system; factions

Chapter.  8653 words. 

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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