Chapter

New Zealand: The Consolidation of Reform?

Jack Vowles

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print September 2005 | ISBN: 9780199257560
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603280 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199257566.003.0014
New Zealand: The Consolidation of Reform?

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New Zealand experienced fundamental electoral system reform in the mid-1990s when voters, in a referendum, decided to replace the single-member plurality system by proportional representation achieved through a mixed compensatory system. This has reinforced the trend towards a multi-party system, and resulted in coalition government becoming the norm. It has also produced a more socio-demographically representative parliament. Some opposition to the mixed system remains, but overall, the effects of the change are perceived as beneficial.

Keywords: New Zealand politics; electoral reform; referendum; proportional representation; mixed system; coalition government; representativeness; parliament

Chapter.  8045 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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