Austria: A Complex Electoral System with Subtle Effects

Wolfgang C. Müller

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print September 2005 | ISBN: 9780199257560
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603280 | DOI:
  Austria: A Complex Electoral System with Subtle Effects

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Austria has a complex list PR system in which seats are distributed at three levels: regional, land, and national. At the regional and land levels, electors can either vote for a party in general or select one of its candidates. If specific candidates receive sufficient preference votes, they are moved to the top of their party list. The system is highly proportional because all votes are used again in the third national tier of seat allocation. The system aims to combine overall proportionality with close voter-MP links provided by the first tier.

Keywords: three-tier districting; national threshold; preference voting; proportionality; accountability

Chapter.  9014 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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