Belgium: Empowering Voters or Party Elites?

Lieven De Winter

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print September 2005 | ISBN: 9780199257560
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603280 | DOI:
Belgium: Empowering Voters or Party Elites?

Show Summary Details


Belgium’s list PR system was reformed to enhance voters’ influence over which party candidates are elected. Belgium’s extreme party fragmentation (the largest party has only 15 per cent) has been curtailed by the introduction of a 5 per cent threshold. A consequence of this has been a dramatic increase in disproportionality.

Keywords: list PR; federalism; preference votes; fragmentation

Chapter.  8073 words. 

Subjects: Comparative Politics

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.