Conceptions of Cosmopolitanism *

Samuel Scheffler

in Boundaries and Allegiances

Published in print September 2002 | ISBN: 9780199257676
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600197 | DOI:
 Conceptions of Cosmopolitanism *

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Distinguishes between cosmopolitanism about justice and cosmopolitanism about culture, identifying moderate and extreme forms of each of the two views. The extreme versions of cosmopolitanism, Scheffler argues, are implausible because they conflict with a notion of special responsibility that is deeply embedded in common‐sense moral thought. In arguing that a commitment to the equality of persons is neither substantively or conceptually incompatible with the recognition of special responsibilities, Scheffler seeks to undermine the case for these extreme forms of cosmopolitanism and to build the case for the moderate forms. But he notes that the moderate forms of cosmopolitanism, despite being much more plausible than the extreme versions, still face a number of philosophical and practical challenges, among them that of devising institutions and practices that take seriously both equality and special responsibilities.

Keywords: common‐sense morality; cosmopolitanism; culture; equality; institutions; justice; special responsibilities

Chapter.  9797 words. 

Subjects: Political Theory

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