The motives of the pro- and anti-Union forces in Scotland in the years leading to 1707 are analysed. It is shown that they were mixed, but that trade, security, and material interests all played a role. The first ever analysis of flows of the vote in the last Scottish Parliament identifies the swing voters. The union was a genuine bargain, in which each side possessed credible threats. The paradoxical establishment of two rival churches is analysed.
Keywords: Acts of Union 1707; Namierism; parcel; rogues; nation; Fletcher of Saltoun; Andrew; Darien; church establishment; credible threats
Chapter. 22319 words. Illustrated.
Subjects: UK Politics
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