Chapter

Changes in Intergenerational Class Mobility in Hungary, 1973–2000

Péter Róbert and Erzsébet Bukodi

in Social Mobility in Europe

Published in print August 2004 | ISBN: 9780199258451
Published online November 2004 | e-ISBN: 9780191601491 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199258457.003.0012
 Changes in Intergenerational Class Mobility in Hungary, 1973–2000

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Investigates temporal changes in Hungarian mobility patterns. Large-scale data sets of the Hungarian Central Statistical Office, collected between 1973 and 2000 are used for this purpose. In addition to descriptive statistics, log-linear and log-multiplicative models are fitted to the data in order to investigate trends of temporal changes. Descriptive results indicate that the restructuring of the class distribution slowed down in the 1980s in comparison to the 1970s but it increased again in the 1990s. Observed mobility rates turned out to be relatively high but data does not indicate an increase in the openness of the Hungarian society. For relative mobility rates, the hypothesis of constant social fluidity cannot be rejected for Hungary. Though an increase in social fluidity did occur between 1973 and 1983, it levelled off between 1983 and 1992, and it reversed between 1992 and 2000.

Keywords: absolute and relative mobility rates; class inheritance; cohort analysis; Hungary; log-linear models; social fluidity; social mobility; social structure

Chapter.  10997 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: European Union

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