Chapter

Difficulties for the Levels Conception

John Heil

in From an Ontological Point of View

Published in print May 2003 | ISBN: 9780199259748
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191597657 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199259747.003.0004
 Difficulties for the Levels Conception

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Problems arising from the idea that reality comprises levels of being are discussed. These include the problem of causal relevance (How could higher‐level properties be relevant to the production of higher‐ or lower‐level effects?) and the problem of inter‐level relations (If higher‐level properties have lower‐level realizers, what is the resulting ontological picture?).

Keywords: causal relevance; causation; higher‐level; lower‐level; law; level; property; realization; reduction; supervenience; vertical

Chapter.  3162 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Metaphysics

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