Chapter

Abandoning the Levels Conception: First Steps

John Heil

in From an Ontological Point of View

Published in print May 2003 | ISBN: 9780199259748
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191597657 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199259747.003.0005
 Abandoning the Levels Conception: First Steps

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Proponents of the idea that reality is hierarchical appeal to the ‘multiple realizability’ of higher‐level properties. The ontology of multiple realizability is fuzzy, however, and in any case, we can accommodate putative examples of multiple realizability without positing higher‐level properties. Predicates taken to name such properties are better understood as being satisfied by diverse but similar properties. Ontological reduction does not imply analytical or explanatory reduction.

Keywords: causation; hierarchy; higher‐level; kind; level; multiple realizability; Picture Theory; predicate; property; reduction; similarity

Chapter.  4153 words. 

Subjects: Metaphysics

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