Chapter

<i>The First Thousand Years</i>

Gerald O'Collins SJ and Mario Farrugia SJ

in Catholicism

Published in print November 2003 | ISBN: 9780199259946
Published online January 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191602122 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199259941.003.0001
The First Thousand Years

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This chapter first examines the Church’s spread in the post-Pentecost situation, its early leadership, the persecutions, and the enduring contributions of Justin, Irenaeus, Tertullian, Origen, and Cyprian. In 312, the Emperor Constantine brought public freedom to Christianity and initiated the story of the seven general councils, which settled Catholic faith in Christ and the Trinity. The chapter ends by tracing the further spread of the Church, the rise of monasticism and doctrinal developments down to 1054, the year conventionally used to date the break between Eastern and Western Christianity.

Keywords: Augustine; Bishops; Filioque; Gnostics; Martyrdom; Paul

Chapter.  20809 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Christian Theology

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