<i>The Second Thousand Years</i>

Gerald O'Collins SJ and Mario Farrugia SJ

in Catholicism

Published in print November 2003 | ISBN: 9780199259946
Published online January 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191602122 | DOI:
The Second Thousand Years

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This chapter describes the second millennium of Catholic Christianity, before and after the 1492 discovery of the Americas. Up to Columbus, European Catholicism was shaped by building programmes, religious foundations, the sacramentalizing of daily life, crises in the papacy, reform movements, and the rise of national states. After Columbus, Christianity expanded as Europeans spread around the world. Grave abuses helped to trigger the sixteenth-century Protestant Reformation, which overlapped with the growth of the new learning facilitated by the invention of printing. The chapter closes with the coming of the world Church, symbolized by the Second Vatican Council (1962–5).

Keywords: Aquinas; Council of Dante; Francis and Clare; John Paul II; Luther; Trent

Chapter.  17371 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Christian Theology

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