Chapter

<i>The Catholic Church and its Mission</i>

Gerald O'Collins SJ and Mario Farrugia SJ

in Catholicism

Published in print November 2003 | ISBN: 9780199259946
Published online January 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191602122 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199259941.003.0008
The Catholic Church and its Mission

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By gathering disciples and calling ‘the twelve’, Jesus created some minimal organization, which grew after Pentecost into the ‘one, holy, catholic, and apostolic’ Church of the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed. After some developments in the Middle Ages and at the time of the Reformation, teaching about the nature and function of the Catholic Church flowered in the last two centuries. Vatican I (1869–70) defined the primacy and infallibility of the Pope but did not have the chance to complete its full teaching on the Church. This happened at Vatican II (1962–65), where biblical, patristic, ecumenical and liturgical influences combined to produce such rich developments as teaching on the collegiality of bishops, the universal call to holiness, and relations to other Christians and to non-Christians.

Keywords: Communion; Congar; Magisterium; Mission; Peter

Chapter.  16195 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Christian Theology

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