The Shape of Revolution

Bruce Kuklick

in A History of Philosophy in America

Published in print January 2003 | ISBN: 9780199260164
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191597893 | DOI:
 The Shape of Revolution

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Towards the end of the nineteenth century, the American speculative system composed of divinity school theologians, college philosophers, and amateurs was revolutionized. The amateurs vanished as a creative force, as did the theologians. The victors were the philosophers, who emerged in the new university system as the only spokesmen for speculative thought. Guided by their interest in the ideas of Charles Darwin, John Stuart Mill's criticism of Sir William Hamilton, and the Higher Criticism of the Bible, the philosophers left behind a robust Protestantism and focused on the practices of the men of science in the new universities.

Keywords: amateur philosophy; college philosophers; Charles Darwin; Higher Criticism; John Stuart Mill; professional philosophy; robust Protestantism; Sir William Hamilton; theologians; university system

Chapter.  5819 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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