Chapter

Europe's Impact on the United States, 1928–1964

Bruce Kuklick

in A History of Philosophy in America

Published in print January 2003 | ISBN: 9780199260164
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191597893 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199260168.003.0012
 Europe's Impact on the United States, 1928–1964

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In the inter‐war period and after, three movements of European thought were influential in the US because of the Nazi‐triggered exodus of intellectuals. The most important was that of European positivists, led by Rudolph Carnap. The Marxists of the Frankfurt School had less of an impact in America, except for Herbert Marcuse, who remained in the country. Varieties of existentialism finally reached the US after World War II, although individual thinkers did not permanently migrate. The conflict between positivism and existentialism was to have serious consequences for professional philosophy.

Keywords: Rudolph Carnap; existentialism; Frankfurt School; Herbert Marcuse; Marxism; positivism

Chapter.  7487 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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