Chapter

Italy: The Homeland of the Political Class

Ettore Recchi and Luca Verzichelli

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies

Published in print December 2003 | ISBN: 9780199260362
Published online January 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191601873 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199260362.003.0012
 Italy: The Homeland of the Political Class

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Since the early post-war years, parties have been central to Italy's political system and have regulated the recruitment patterns and socialization of members of the large political class, which was quite strictly separated in a national and a sub-national circuit. Consequently, in this so-called age of 'particocrazia', political reforms were mostly intended to strengthen the party control of Italian politics. The drastic change in the party system and the electoral system in beginning of the 1990s has then led to a considerable exchange of the political class' background, composition, and professional status. Yet, it seems that by now a re-professionalization is already under way, albeit not a return to a strictly party-dominated system.

Keywords: electoral system; Fascism; Italy; partitocracy; political class; Republic; scandals; turnover

Chapter.  11317 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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