Chapter

Norway: Professionalization—Party-oriented and Constituency-based

Hanne Marthe Narud

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies

Published in print December 2003 | ISBN: 9780199260362
Published online January 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191601873 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199260362.003.0016
 Norway: Professionalization—Party-oriented and Constituency-based

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This chapter discusses the political professionalization of the Norwegian Storting, its main focus being on the various institutional constraints of Norwegian MPs and on the importance of the recruitment structures for providing access to the political class. Here, the role of the constituency party branch is crucial: Because local councils are the training ground for future parliamentarians, because of the decentralized character of the nomination process, and because of the political legitimacy of pursuing local interests, you rarely get to be a member of the political class without going through the local network provided by the constituency party. Norwegian parliamentarians are therefore actors on two different yet interrelated arenas, the local arena and the parliamentary arena: As party politicians they play the parliamentary role game, and as district representatives they are constrained by constituency demands.

Keywords: constituency party; district representation; institutional constraints; Norway; political class; political recruitment; professionalization

Chapter.  10540 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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