Chapter

The Liberal State and Civil Service Reform

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

in Democracy and Public Management Reform

Published in print August 2004 | ISBN: 9780199261185
Published online November 2004 | e-ISBN: 9780191601507 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199261180.003.0004
 The Liberal State and Civil Service Reform

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Citizenship rights are rights that have been won: they are always the outcome of a historical process in which persons, groups, and nations strive to acquire and assert them. The liberal state is the bourgeois state. First rises in the nineteenth century, after the French and the American liberal revolutions, under the principles of the rule of law, and of the civil rights. The nineteenth century was also the century of bureaucratic reform, through which the state apparatus eventually gained a fully modern or capitalist character. Civil service reforms are studies in Prussia, France, England, and the US.

Keywords: bourgeoisie; bureaucratic reform; citizenship rights; civil rights; civil service reform; liberal state; rule of law

Chapter.  5854 words. 

Subjects: Politics

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