Chapter

The Social-Democratic State

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

in Democracy and Public Management Reform

Published in print August 2004 | ISBN: 9780199261185
Published online November 2004 | e-ISBN: 9780191601507 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199261180.003.0006
 The Social-Democratic State

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The social democratic state rises from the Great Depression and Second Word War. And up to the 1970s, the capitalist economies grow enormously, at the same time that social rights were recognized and the welfare state implemented. The tax burden and the state apparatus grow to face the new social and developmental activities taken on by the state. With the social state emerges plural or public opinion democracy. Political elites diversify, including increasing representatives of the professional middle class. Capitalism also diversifies, and we can detect four models of capitalism: the Anglo-Saxon market model, the European social model, the Asian developmental model, and the Latin American mixed model of capitalism. Particularly in the later two models, a developmental bureaucracy rises.

Keywords: Anglo-Saxon market model; Asian developmental model; developmental bureaucracy; European social model; Great Depression; Latin American mixed model; plural democracy; professional middle class; public opinion; Second World War; social-democratic state; welfare state

Chapter.  6835 words. 

Subjects: Politics

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