Chapter

Introduction

Mi-Kyoung Lee

in Epistemology after Protagoras

Published in print February 2005 | ISBN: 9780199262229
Published online October 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191602924 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199262225.003.0001
 Introduction

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This book starts from the question: did skepticism only arise in the Hellenistic era? It is argued that skepticism was in the air even earlier in the classical period — not in the form of a well-defined school of thought or position, but in the form of certain loosely-related ideas and arguments. Some of these were articulated by Protagoras in his book Alêtheia ‘Truth’, which began with the striking claim that ‘Man is the measure of all things, of what is that it is, of what is not that it is not.’ Protagoras’ claim posed a challenge to the ideals of expert knowledge, truth, and to the privileged role of reason in discovering the truth. Plato, Aristotle, and Democritus responded to this challenge in their work.

Keywords: skepticism; truth; measure; expert knowledge; reason

Chapter.  3779 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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