Chapter

Protagoras and relativism

Mi-Kyoung Lee

in Epistemology after Protagoras

Published in print February 2005 | ISBN: 9780199262229
Published online October 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191602924 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199262225.003.0003
 Protagoras and relativism

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In the Theaetetus, Plato attributes to Protagoras a position that contains elements of both relativism about truth and infallibilism. On the one hand, he takes Protagoras to be proposing an infallibilist epistemology, not a theory of relative truth: Protagoras’ thesis is that everyone is always correct concerning what is true. On the other hand, when Plato sometimes describes Protagoras’ measure doctrine in terms of what is ‘true for’ a person, he does so because on the theory he develops for Protagoras to support this thesis, all properties are to be relativized, including truth.

Keywords: relativism; relativism of fact; truth; subjectivism; infallibilism; appearances; beliefs

Chapter.  9355 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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