Chapter

Embodiment and Gender

Judith Lieu

in Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World

Published in print May 2004 | ISBN: 9780199262892
Published online July 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191602818 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199262896.003.0006
Embodiment and Gender

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The construction of masculinity and of woman as ‘the other’ are integral to an idealized self-identity in the ancient world. These take a distinctive form in Jewish writings when combined with Biblical images of sexual immorality and anxieties about intermarriage. Despite the emphasis on the body in the incarnation, many early Christian writings continue this pattern, combined with Graeco-Roman anxieties about the body. Although some have found traces of a greater egalitarianism in early Christianity, a developing ascetical tradition reflects a conviction of the importance of the body as a site of identity but a widespread ambiguity about its expression.

Keywords: asceticism; body; effeminacy; egalitarianism; Foucault; gender; immorality; marriage; masculinity; women

Chapter.  12864 words. 

Subjects: Early Christianity

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