Chapter

Fertility, Infant Mortality, and Gender

Alessandro Cigno and Furio Camillo Rosati

in The Economics of Child Labour

Published in print July 2005 | ISBN: 9780199264452
Published online July 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191602511 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199264457.003.0004
Fertility, Infant Mortality, and Gender

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Decisions concerning birth control, and expenditure on pre-school children, take into account what will be done with these children if they survive to school age. Depending on whether it crowds-in or crowds-out parental expenditure on pre-school children’s nutrition and medical care, public expenditure on sanitation, preventive medicine, and the like can have a large or a small effect on infant mortality. Fertility tends to decrease as a woman’s bargaining power increases. Dowries, the education of girls, and the sexual division of labour are explained within the same theoretical framework.

Keywords: birth control; dowries; education of women; infant mortality; sexual division of labour; survival-enhancing policies

Chapter.  8183 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Economics

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