Chapter

<b>Antiochus of Ascalon</b>

George E. Karamanolis

in Plato and Aristotle in Agreement?

Published in print April 2006 | ISBN: 9780199264568
Published online September 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603990 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199264562.003.0002

Series: Oxford Philosophical Monographs

 Antiochus of Ascalon

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This chapter begins with a discussion of Antiochus’ debate with Philo of Larissa. It then analyses Antiochus’ thesis on the philosophies of Plato, Aristotle, and the Stoics. According to Antiochus, the most essential part of philosophy, particularly Plato’s philosophy, is ethics, and his most crucial doctrine is about how to achieve a good life. Antiochus shares the Stoic view that virtue requires secure knowledge; without such knowledge, no ethical system can exist. He is convinced that Plato has coherent and systematic ethics, which he reconstructs from that of Aristotle and Polemo. Antiochus is neither an eclectic nor a syncretist, as has often been claimed. Antiochus did not muddle various doctrines from Plato and Platonists, Aristotle, and the Stoics. Rather, he had a certain conception of Plato’s philosophy which he tried to reconstruct as faithfully as he could through the testimonies of the early Academics, Aristotle, and the Stoics, according to the degree to which they were indebted to Plato.

Keywords: Antiochus of Ascalon; Philo of Larissa; Stoics; ethics; good life; Polemo; Forms

Chapter.  19665 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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