The OJP asserts that there is a paucity or even an absence of use of the Johannine Gospel among representatives of the orthodox churches in the period before Irenaeus. This thesis is tested by examining the evidence of nine writers or documents for the period 150–c.170, including Melito of Sardis, Tatian, the Egerton Gospel, and Celsus the anti-Christian critic. Because of its acknowledged importance, the case of Justin is given extended treatment. Against the backdrop of diverse scholarly opinions, a close study demonstrates that Justin did indeed use the Fourth Gospel and that he included it in what he called the ‘apostolic memoirs’, Gospels that were read aloud on Sundays in Roman churches.
Keywords: Celsus; Egerton; Melito; memoirs; Justin; Tatian
Chapter. 37945 words. Illustrated.
Subjects: Biblical Studies
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