John among the Orthodox, before <i>c</i>.150

Charles E. Hill

in The Johannine Corpus in the Early Church

Published in print March 2004 | ISBN: 9780199264582
Published online January 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191602085 | DOI:
 John among the Orthodox, before c.150

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The period prior to c. 150 is of critical importance to the OJP as it is reported to be the period of nearly complete silence about the Fourth Gospel among orthodox sources. Ten writers or documents that show some probability of the use of the Fourth Gospel are reviewed. Particularly important are the Epistula Apostolorum, Papias of Hierapolis, the Elder John and other elders mentioned by Papias, the apologist Aristides, and Ignatius of Antioch. It appears that the Fourth Gospel was functioning as a trusted source for the life and teachings of Jesus with these and other orthodox (non-docetic) Christians from early in the second century, before any known use by ‘gnostic’ Christians and long before the rise of Valentinianism.

Keywords: Aristides; Ignatius; Elder John; Epistula Apostolorum; Papias

Chapter.  50029 words. 

Subjects: Biblical Studies

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